FCL (Full Container Load) is the delivery of cargo by sea transport in container equipment, which follows from one port to another. It is worth knowing that the FCL service also includes other services, such as the delivery of an empty container for loading, its delivery to the port of loading and other services of the terminal that arise during its transportation.
When ordering an FCL service, the customer can choose the optimal one for this equipment – the type of container, which, depending on the cargo, has a number of specifications:
- according to the volume, for transportation of various types of standard cargo 20DV, 40DV, 40HC, 45HC
- considering the temperature range: 20REF, 40REF
- according to the specifics, its parameters, if they exceed parameters of the container: 20 OT, 40 OT, 40 FR and others.
Cargo delivery in containers is the safest and most common service when ordering large quantities of goods. The shipping lines serve all the largest ports in the world, thus the customer gets access to any market for goods or services.
To order an FCL service for a customer, it is enough to choose a product in any country of the world, and get the cargo parameters for transportation. As a rule, for the calculation of the delivery to the customer, it is enough to receive from the sender the number of pieces, the weight of each piece, the type of packaging, addresses or port of loading.
This data is sufficient for the logistic company to find out the best route and form the final price. Since there are often several routes from one port of departure to a destination from various shipping lines, it is also worth considering transit time of delivery and transit ports when choosing one or another line service.
If the delivery solution satisfies the customer, he contacts the logistics company that offered this service and sends the Shipper’s contacts, as well as the order number, to identify his cargo in production. The logistics company sends the contacts of its agent in the country of departure, as well as notifies the consignee about the status of the cargo (or if the cargo has already been manufactured, when the pickup is scheduled, whether there is a confirmed space on the vessel) for its clearance from the country of departure.
Upon receipt of the goods at the port, based on documents received from the shipper, the agent prepares a copy of the transport document (Bill of lading) for verification and confirmation by the customer, as well as a couple of days before departure, informs the logistics company about the loading plan, departure of the vessel and its delivery schedule to the destination. In case of inaccuracy, at the stage of preparation of the transport document, a correction of the document is possible.
For this, the recipient makes its updates which he considers correct, according to the description and product characteristics. After confirmation by the consignee the data is correct – the line confirms pick up and sends the final copy of Bill of Lading. The shipper is responsible to send all original documents to the consignee by courier service for clearance of cargo at the port of destination.
Each customer gets the opportunity to track, as well as movement alerts regarding goods. The shipping line automatically notifies about container arrival plan about 5-10 days before the actual date. The consignee is obliged to submit to the logistics company copies of documents, as well as to specify the details for customs clearance, and if ordered to deliver the goods to the customer’s warehouse – the address of the warehouse.
Based on the original documents and information from the customer, the logistics company passes the container through the port services of, including different port authorities, and also orders an transportation to deliver the container to its destination.
The logistics company is obliged to return the container to the port and transfer it to the shipping line after delivery of the goods to the customer. After container receipt confirmation by a sea line, the sea carriage is considered as completed.